Dictionary, Place Names and Maps :

Waset:  The name of a city and its immediate surroundings.  It was later called Thebes by the Greeks.

Ineb-Hedj:  The first capital of Kemet.  The name means “white walls.”  The city is sacred to Ptah, the creator god.  In later history it was called Memphis

Iteru:  The name of the principle river of Egypt, later called Neilos by the Greeks, and finally Nile by the Arabs.

Kemet:  The name of the country.  The modern name, Egypt, arises from the Greek name for the country, Aegyptos.

Kopesh:  The name of a weapon.  The name means “thigh” and is likely taken from its shape which resembles an animal’s foreleg.  It is the Egyptian heavy sword which is a cutting weapon intended for head and neck strikes.  It is not a thrusting weapon.  It has a curved section of blade unlike a saber, cutlass, or scimitar which are continuously curved.  The hook allows the blade to strike an opponent behind a shield and to hook the shield in order to drag it away.  It was modified from a blade that they first met when liberating themselves from the Hyksos.  Swords are secondary weapons for the Egyptians; the spear and the bow and arrow are the military mainstays.

Bari:  The name of a type of small boat on the Nile.

Ipet-Isut:  The name of a temple complex now known as Karnak.  This complex is on the northern end of Thebes and contains the temples of Mut, Khonsu, Amen Ra, Ptah, and Ma’at.

Ipet-Resyt:  The name of a temple complex now known as Luxor.  This complex is, “The southern harem” of Amen-Ra.  It is dedicated to the trinity of Amen-Ra, Mut his consort, and Khonsu their son who is the moon god.  The statue of Amen-Ra was carried from Karnak to Luxor during the annual fertility festival, the celebration called Opet.

Medjay:  Foreign mercenary soldiers and guards.  Originally Nubian archers, they were employed throught Egyptian history.

Mountains of Bekhen:  The name of a place north of Thebes.  Now known as Wadi Hammamat; the ancient city of Coptos lies on the Nile at the western end of the wadi.  The wadi’s eastern end opens to the Red Sea.  In ancient times both gold and two types of granite were dug from the area.

Nahasu:  A general name for foreigners that roughly means, “less than us.”  Similar in usage to the Greek word, “barbarian.”

Deben:  A weight of copper.  There was no coinage or formal monetary system in ancient Egypt.  However, values of goods were often converted into equivalent weights of metals.  The deben of copper was a common weight among common people.

Cubit:  A unit of length.  Traditionally it is the distance between Pharaoh’s fingertip and his elbow.  That distance is broken into smaller units called “palms” which are the width of the four fingers.  Seven palms comprise a cubit.  The distance is about eighteen inches or forty-six centimeters.

Sistrum with Hathor head handle Sistrum
Similiar to a tambourine. It rattles or jingles. A musical instrument of Ancient Egypt. Favorite instrument of the Goddess Hathor. Many handles of the instrument represented the body and face of Hathor, with the U-shaped loop containing the chimes as her headress.
Wikipedia Link

For larger images, click on the thumbnail images below
Map of Ancient Kemet

Ancient Egypt Place Names


Map of Waset and surrounding area (Modern day Thebes)

Waset Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes

 For a larger and clearer image click on the thumbnail

Waset and surrounding area (Modern day Thebes)


Map of Ipet-Isut(Karnak) and the Sphinx causeway to Ipet-Resyt(Luxor), The southern harem

Karnak andLuxor temples


Ipet-Isut (Karnak) Temple – detail
Karnak Temple during the 18th Dynasty
 Click on the thumbnail below for larger image and details : Karnak Temple Complex
Karnak Temple During the 18th Dynasty

Amun Sanctuary Area


Photos of the Amun Sanctuary today


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